Timeline of key events in biotechnology

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Z. Cui, M. C. Willingham, A. Hicks et al, 'Spontaneous regression of advanced cancer: Identification of a unique genetically determined, age-dependent trait in mice', PNAS, 100/11 (2003), 6682-7. 2017-12-18T18:30:35+0000Recommends 1) Government provide more childcare services and help with costs and facilitate schemes to encourage women to return to sciences after having a family; 2) Government and employers should set targets of at least 25% women in public appointments and senior position in SET by 2000; 3) Encourage greater media coverage of women’s contributions to SET. ‘The rising tide: A report on women and science, engineering and technology’, (London: HMSO). 2017-12-18T18:30:35+0000Harvey was a physician who discovered the pump action of the heart and the circulation of blood. 1578-04-01T00:00:00+0000Hooke was a natural philosopher who coined the word 'cell' to describe a basic unit of life.1635-07-28T00:00:00+0000Harvey was an English physician who discovered the pump action of the heart and the circulation of blood.1657-06-03T00:00:00+0000The English physicist Robert Hooke provided the first description of cells to the Royal Society.1663-01-01T00:00:00+0000van Leeuwenhoek developed the microscope to study the quality of thread in fabrics sold in his draper's shop.1674-01-01T00:00:00+00001675-01-01T00:00:00+0000Hooke was a natural philosopher who coined the word 'cell' to describe a basic unit of life.1703-03-03T00:00:00+0000Hooke was a natural philosopher who coined the word 'cell' to describe a basic unit of life.1703-12-03T00:00:00+0000Jenner helped pioneer the smallpox vaccine and immunisation as a method for preventing disease1749-05-17T00:00:00+0000Capsar's parents were Richard Wistar and Sarah Wyatt. He was the grandson of Caspar Wistar, a German immigrant, Quaker and glassmaker.1761-09-13T00:00:00+0000Caspar had developed an interest in medicine after attending to the wounded in the aftermath of the battle of Germantown. 1783-01-01T00:00:00+0000While in Scotland, Caspar was elected president of the Royal Medical Society of Edinburgh for two years due to his 'investigation of natural history'. Caspar dedicated his doctoral thesis to Benjamin Franklin and to William Cullen, a famous Scottish physician. 1786-01-01T00:00:00+0000He also succeeded Benjamin Rush as professor of chemistry at the College of Philadelphia.1787-01-01T00:00:00+00001793-01-01T00:00:00+0000Coined from the Greek word 'bios', meaning life' and suffix 'logy' meaning 'science of'. The term was introduced independently by Thomas Beddoes in 1799, Karl Friedrich Burdacgh in 1800, and Gottfried Reinhold Treviranus and Jean-Baptiste Lamarck in 1802.1799-01-01T00:00:00+0000Schleiden helped develop the theory that cells are the basic structure in all organisms and the basic unit of reproduction. 1804-04-05T00:00:00+00001808-01-01T00:00:00+0000Darwin was an English naturalist best known for developing the theory that all species of life have descended over time from common ancestry.1809-02-12T00:00:00+0000
Date Event People Places Sciences
18 Dec 2017Mutant mouse discovered capable of warding off aggressive cancer and its offspring found to confer resistance to cancer in 40% of his offspringCui, Willingham, Hicks, Alexander-Miller, Howard, Hawkins, Millier, Weir, Du, DeLongWake Forest UniversityOncology, Cancer Immunotherapy
18 Dec 2017UK Committee on Women in Science, Engineering and Technology publishes report highlighting few women reach positions of seniority in science    
1 Apr 1578William Harvey was born in Folkestone, United KingdomHarveyFolkestone, United KingdomCardiovascular
28 Jul 1635Robert Hooke was born Freshwater, Isle of WightHooke Cell
3 Jun 1657William Harvey diedHarvey Cardiovascular
1663First time the cell described as a basic unit of lifeHookeRoyal SocietyCell
1674Invention of the microscope by Antonie van LeeuwenhoekLeeuwenhoek  
1675First microscopic observations of protozoa and bacteria by van LeeuwenhoekLeeuwenhoek 
3 Mar 1703Robert Hooke diedHooke Cell
3 Dec 1703Robert Hooke died   
17 May 1749Edward Jenner was born in Berkeley, United Kingdom Berkeley, United KingdomImmunology, Vaccine
13 Sep 1761Caspar Wistar was born in Philadelphia Wistar Institute 
1783Caspar Wistar received his Batchelor of Medicine from the University of Pennsylvania Wistar Institute 
1786Caspar Wistar received his Doctor of Medicine degree from the University of Edinburgh Wistar Institute 
1787Caspar Wistar appointed physician to the Philadelphia Dispensary, elected to the College of Physicians of Philadelphia and to the American Philosophical Society Wistar Institute 
1793Caspar Wistar became staff member of the Pennsylvania Hospital and elected curator of the American Philosophical Society Wistar Institute 
1799 - 1802First use of the word 'biology' Beddoes, Burdach, Treviranus, Lamarck  
5 Apr 1804Matthias J Schleiden was bornSchleiden University of JenaCell
1808Caspar Wistar appointed sole professor of anatomy, midwifery and surgery at the University of Pennsylvania Wistar Institute 
12 Feb 1809Charles Darwin was born in Shrewsbury, United KingdomDarwinShrewsbury, United KingdomEvolution

18 Dec 2017

Mutant mouse discovered capable of warding off aggressive cancer and its offspring found to confer resistance to cancer in 40% of his offspring

18 Dec 2017

UK Committee on Women in Science, Engineering and Technology publishes report highlighting few women reach positions of seniority in science

1 Apr 1578

William Harvey was born in Folkestone, United Kingdom

28 Jul 1635

Robert Hooke was born Freshwater, Isle of Wight

3 Jun 1657

William Harvey died

1663

First time the cell described as a basic unit of life

1674

Invention of the microscope by Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

1675

First microscopic observations of protozoa and bacteria by van Leeuwenhoek

3 Mar 1703

Robert Hooke died

3 Dec 1703

Robert Hooke died

17 May 1749

Edward Jenner was born in Berkeley, United Kingdom

13 Sep 1761

Caspar Wistar was born in Philadelphia

1783

Caspar Wistar received his Batchelor of Medicine from the University of Pennsylvania

1786

Caspar Wistar received his Doctor of Medicine degree from the University of Edinburgh

1787

Caspar Wistar appointed physician to the Philadelphia Dispensary, elected to the College of Physicians of Philadelphia and to the American Philosophical Society

1793

Caspar Wistar became staff member of the Pennsylvania Hospital and elected curator of the American Philosophical Society

1799 - 1802

First use of the word 'biology'

5 Apr 1804

Matthias J Schleiden was born

1808

Caspar Wistar appointed sole professor of anatomy, midwifery and surgery at the University of Pennsylvania

12 Feb 1809

Charles Darwin was born in Shrewsbury, United Kingdom