Virology: Timeline of key events

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Ivanovsky was a microbiologist who was one the first scientists to discover viruses.1864-11-09T00:00:00+0000d'Herelle was a microbiologist who co-discovered bacteriophages, viruses that infect bacteria.1873-04-25T00:00:00+0000An American pathologist, Rous was the first to show how viruses could cause cancer. This was based on his work with tumours in chickens. 1879-10-05T00:00:00+0000Goodpasture developed a method of culturing viruses in chicken embryos and fertilized chicken eggs. Before this viruses were grown in living tissues which could be contaminated by bacteria. Goodpasture's method laid the foundation for the development of vaccines for smallpox, yellow fever, typhus and chicken pox.1886-10-17T00:00:00+0000Enders shared the 1954 Nobel Prize for helping to develop a technique to grow the poliomyeltitis virus, paving the way to a vaccine against polio. 1897-02-10T00:00:00+0000Wyckoff pioneered x-ray crystallography of bacteria.1897-08-09T00:00:00+0000Lwoff shared the 1965 Nobel Prize for Medicine for 'discoveries concerning genetic control of enzyme and virus synthesis'.1902-05-08T00:00:00+0000A German biophysicist, Delbruck helped discover how viruses replicate their genetic structure, showing that bacterial resistance from viruses is due to random mutation and not the result of adaptive changes. 1906-09-04T00:00:00+0000Pirie helped determine that the genetic component of viruses was RNA. Before this viruses were thought to be made up completely of proteins. 1907-07-01T00:00:00+0000Hershey shared the 1969 Nobel Prize for Medicine for 'discoveries concerning the replication mechanism and the genetic structure of viruses.'1908-12-04T00:00:00+0000Fraenkel-Conrat was a biochemist who discovered that RNA was pivotal to the genetic control of viral reproduction. 1910-04-29T00:00:00+0000The research was carried out by Peyton Rous. The idea that a virus could cause cancer was greeted with scepticism in the scientific community.1911-01-01T00:00:00+0000Luria shared the 1969 Nobel Prize for Medicine for 'discoveries concerning the replication mechanism and the genetic structure of viruses.'1912-08-13T00:00:00+0000Dulbecco shared the 1975 Nobel Prize for Medicine for 'discoveries concerning the interaction between tumour viruses and the genetic material of the cell.'1914-02-22T00:00:00+0000A medical reseacher and virologist, Salk developed the first successful polio vaccine.1914-10-28T00:00:00+0000Weller was a virologist who shared the 1954 Nobel Prize for Medicine for the 'discovery of the ability of poliomyelitis viruses to grow in cultures of various types of tissue.'1915-06-15T00:00:00+0000Robbins co-pioneered the growth of the poliomyelitis virus in a test tube from infected tissue which paved the way to the development of vaccines against the disease. 1916-08-25T00:00:00+0000Temin shared the 1975 Nobel Prize for Medicine for work on the interactions between tumour viruses and the genetic material of the cell. 1934-12-10T00:00:00+0000Bishop won the 1989 Nobel Prize for Medicine for discovering retroviral oncogenes.1936-02-22T00:00:00+0000Barré-Sinoussi shared the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 2008 for the discovery of HIV.1947-07-30T00:00:00+0000
Date Event People Places Sciences
9 Nov 1864Dmitry Iosifovich Ivanovsky was bornIvanovskyUniversity of St PetersburgVirology
25 Apr 1873Felix d'Herelle was born in Montreal, Canadad'HerellePasteur InstituteBacteriology, Virology
5 Oct 1879Peyton Rous was born in Baltimore MD, USARousRockefeller UniversityVirology, Oncology
17 Oct 1886Ernest Goodpasture was born Clarksville, TN, USAGoodpastureHarvard UniversityVirology, Vaccine
10 Feb 1897John F Enders was born West Hartford, CT, USAEndersChildren's Hospital BostonVirology, Vaccine
9 Aug 1897Ralph W G Wyckoff was born in Geneva, NY, USAWyckoffRockefeller UniversityBacteriology, Virology
8 May 1902Andre Lwoff was born in Ainay-le-Chateau, FranceLwoffPasteur InstituteMicrobiology, Virology
4 Sep 1906Max Delbruck was born in Berlin, GermanyDelbruckCalifornia Institute of TechnologyGenetics, Virology
1 Jul 1907Norman Wingate (Bill) Pirie was born in Easeborn, UKPirie Rothamsted Experimental StationRNA, Virology
4 Dec 1908Alfred D Hershey was born in Owosso, MI, USAHersheyCarnegie Institution of WashingtonGenetics, Virology
29 Apr 1910Heinz Ludwig Fraenkel-Conrat was bornFraenkel-Conrat University of California BerkeleyGenetics, Virology
1911Research provided the first evidence that virus transmits cancer in chickensRousRockefeller InstituteImmunology, Oncology, Virology
13 Aug 1912Salvador E Luria was born in Torino, ItalyLuriaMassachusetts Institute of TechnologyGenetics, Virology
22 Feb 1914Renato Dulbecco was born in Catanzaro, ItalyDulbeccoImperial Cancer Research Fund LaboratoryGenetics, Virology, Oncology
28 Oct 1914Jonas Salk was born in New York City, USASalkUniversity of PittsburghVirology, Vaccine
15 Jun 1915Thomas H Weller was born in Ann Arbor MI, USAWellerChildren's Medical Center BostonVirology
25 Aug 1916Frederick Chapman Robbins was born in Auburn AL, USARobbinsWestern Reserve UniversityVirology, Vaccine
10 Dec 1934Howard M Temin was born in Philadelphia PA, USATeminUniversity of WisconsinGenetics, Virology, Oncology
Feb 1936J Michael Bishop born in York PA, USABishopUniversity California San FranciscoOncology, Virology
30 Jul 1947Francoise Barré-Sinoussi born in Paris, FranceBarre-SinoussiParis, FranceVirology

9 Nov 1864

Dmitry Iosifovich Ivanovsky was born

25 Apr 1873

Felix d'Herelle was born in Montreal, Canada

5 Oct 1879

Peyton Rous was born in Baltimore MD, USA

17 Oct 1886

Ernest Goodpasture was born Clarksville, TN, USA

10 Feb 1897

John F Enders was born West Hartford, CT, USA

9 Aug 1897

Ralph W G Wyckoff was born in Geneva, NY, USA

8 May 1902

Andre Lwoff was born in Ainay-le-Chateau, France

4 Sep 1906

Max Delbruck was born in Berlin, Germany

1 Jul 1907

Norman Wingate (Bill) Pirie was born in Easeborn, UK

4 Dec 1908

Alfred D Hershey was born in Owosso, MI, USA

29 Apr 1910

Heinz Ludwig Fraenkel-Conrat was born

1911

Research provided the first evidence that virus transmits cancer in chickens

13 Aug 1912

Salvador E Luria was born in Torino, Italy

22 Feb 1914

Renato Dulbecco was born in Catanzaro, Italy

28 Oct 1914

Jonas Salk was born in New York City, USA

15 Jun 1915

Thomas H Weller was born in Ann Arbor MI, USA

25 Aug 1916

Frederick Chapman Robbins was born in Auburn AL, USA

10 Dec 1934

Howard M Temin was born in Philadelphia PA, USA

10 Dec 1934

J Michael Bishop born in York PA, USA

30 Jul 1947

Francoise Barré-Sinoussi born in Paris, France